By Dick Leith
A Social background of English is the 1st heritage of the English language to make use of the options, insights and issues of sociolinguistics. Written in a non-technical approach, it takes under consideration standardization, pidginization, bi- and multilingualism, the problems of language upkeep and language loyalty, and linguistic variation.
This re-creation has been totally revised. Additions contain: * new fabric approximately 'New Englishes' around the world
* a brand new bankruptcy entitled 'A serious Linguistic historical past of English Texts'
* a dialogue of difficulties keen on writing a heritage of English
All phrases and ideas are defined as they're brought, and linguistic examples are selected for his or her accessibility and intelligibility to the overall reader.
It may be of curiosity to scholars of Sociolinguistics, English Language, background and Cultural experiences.
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Additional info for A social history of English
Chaucer’s norm was not the norm elsewhere, so his copyists could not appreciate his attempt at deviation. In the course of the sixteenth century, the growing sense of a literary norm can be seen by the numerous attempts to represent the speech of foreigners, the linguistic characteristics of Welsh, Scottish, and Irish people, and the speakers of other dialects of English. It is now that we begin to see the social stereotyping of such speakers. Increasingly, they play the role of buffoon or boor.
By the end of the seventeenth century, the range of possibilities for expression in prose had expanded to cover imaginative, fictional writing. Such a wide functional range engendered further self-consciousness among writers of English, and enhanced the status of the language. The displacement of Latin as the automatic language of scholarship was part of a wider process, the extension of English in education. In considering the roles of language in education, we need to distinguish between languages that are taught, and those that function as media of learning.
As we have seen, their writing systems came to be used only rarely for literary purposes, and no longer for devotional ones. In short, their range of functions was restricted as those of the dominant metropolitan variety were elaborated. They became patois, unwritten vehicles for informal, everyday conversation among equals. The process of standardisation may be said, therefore, to have involved an accompanying process of patoisation. The new metropolitan variety had to function in those domains previously associated, either fully or in part, with the use of Latin and French: law, government, literature, religion, scholarship, and education.
A social history of English by Dick Leith