Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to - download pdf or read online

By George W. Harris

ISBN-10: 0520216903

ISBN-13: 9780520216907

ISBN-10: 0585277095

ISBN-13: 9780585277097

What different types of individuals will we aspire to be, and the way do our aspirations healthy with our rules of rationality? In Agent-Centered Morality, George Harris argues that the majority folks aspire to a undeniable type of integrity: we want to be respectful of and sympathetic to others, and to be loving mom and dad, buddies, and individuals of our groups. opposed to a winning Kantian consensus, Harris deals an Aristotelian view of the issues awarded by means of functional cause, difficulties of integrating all our issues right into a coherent, significant lifestyles in a fashion that preserves our integrity. the duty of fixing those difficulties is "the integration test."Systematically addressing the paintings of significant Kantian thinkers, Harris indicates that even the main complicated modern types of the Kantian view fail to combine all the values that correspond to what we name an ethical existence. via demonstrating how the which means of lifestyles and sensible cause are internally comparable, he constructs from Aristotle's proposal a conceptual scheme that effectively integrates all of the features that make a lifestyles significant, with no jeopardizing where of any. Harris's elucidation of this technique is an important contribution to debates on human organization, useful cause, and morality.

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But, then, this is to admit that some considerations of fact a posteriori can falsify the "claims of reason," on a fully a priori understanding of the claims of reason. Now, however, comes the slippery slope. What is to stop some of these facts from being the facts of our psychology? Once the Kantian has construed the best interpretation of the CI procedure to accommodate the a posteriori truths of physics, it is difficult to see what principled methodological reason there can be for exempting the truths of psychology from their independent status.

14] It is difficult to know what to say if deep disagreement over methodology persists past these observations. I can point to the kind of illumination philosophy might be capable of when structured within a larger body of knowledge that is achieved through the reliable methods of science. If a philosopher does not accept the requirement that philosophical knowledge must be not only consistent with scientific knowledge but also continuous with it, I simply do not know what else to say. That metaphysical Kantians do not accept the continuity requirement seems evident in the fact that they conceptualize the issue of rational agency in a way that the conditions for the possibility of rational agency might be discontinuous with the facts of human psychology.

You are very bored and restless and at loose ends when Smith comes in once again. You are now convinced more than ever that he is a fine fellow and a real friend—taking so much time to cheer you up, traveling [2] . I would like to thank A. M. MacLeod for comments on this point. ― 56 ― all the way across town, and so on. You are so effusive with your praise and thanks that he protests that he always tries to do what he thinks is his duty, what he thinks will be best. You at first think he is engaging in a polite form of self-deprecation, relieving the moral burden.

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Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism by George W. Harris

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