By Christina Pratt
Shamanism might be outlined because the perform of initiated shamans who're wonderful by means of their mastery of a number of altered states of attention. Shamanism arises from the activities the shaman takes in non-ordinary truth and the result of these activities in usual truth. it's not a faith, but it calls for religious self-discipline and private sacrifice from the mature shaman who seeks the top levels of mystical improvement.
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Additional info for An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z
This altered state is used primarily by novice shamans as a stage in training and by non-shamans in cultures that value and sanction connection with the Divine through spontaneous possession. Possession For example, in Indonesia the ability to surrender to states of possession and trance is encouraged from childhood. Throughout the islands people engage in various stages of possession, showing various degrees of ability in using these possession trances. In the beginning, the possessed may appear violent, thrashing and convulsing.
Women harvest or collect plants for the general use of the community and often for the shaman specifically. The herbalist is frequently the shaman’s wife, though women may also be shamans in their own right. In indigenous cultures worldwide, the traditional healers could identify hundreds of species of plants by touch, smell, or appearance alone, a feat no university-trained botanist could do. 8 percent. These studies did not take into account the use of plants other then trees. Often these “untrained” healers identify different uses for different “kinds” of the same plant, though a botanist would consider them all the same species.
A toxic substance is broadly defined as a plant, animal, or chemical substance ingested for other than purely nutritional purposes that has a noticeable biodynamic effect on the body. Relative to shamanism, intoxication must be understood as a broad range of biodynamic effects, including sensory stimulation, shift in sense of self, and awareness of one’s place in the Kosmos. Plant hallucinogens are also used medicinally and in medicinal preparations with other plants. The difference between a medicine, a hallucinogen, and a poison is often the dosage, and in many cases the preparation.
An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z by Christina Pratt