By Yuri Bregel
Yuri Bregel's Atlas presents us with a bird's eye view of the complex heritage of this crucial a part of the Islamic international, that is heavily hooked up with the historical past of Iran, Afghanistan, China, and Russia; at various occasions elements of this sector have been incorporated in those neighboring states, and because 1991 5 new autonomous states emerged in primary Asia: Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. overlaying the 4th century B.C. to the current, the maps express many of the political entities, their approximate borders, the foremost ethnic teams and their migrations, army campaigns and battles, and so forth. every one map is observed by way of a textual content which provides a concise survey of the most occasions of the political and ethnic background of the respective interval. With exact maps at the distribution of the Turkmen, Uzbek, Qazaq, and Qirghiz tribes within the 19th-20th centuries, in addition to the site of significant archaeological websites and architectural monuments. The final map (Central Asia in 2000) indicates present gasoline and oil pipelines.
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Additional resources for An Historical Atlas of Central Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik - Part 8: Uralic & Central Asian Studies, 9)
In 766 the Qarluqs captured Suyab and Talas. In Eastern Turkestan, in the meantime, Chinese fortunes suffered a sudden reversal. In 756 a major uprising in China inflicted a heavy blow to the Tang. Most of the Chinese troops in the “Four Garrisons” region were withdrawn, with the exception of Kucha and Beiting, but even these lost their connection with the Chinese heartland. The Uyghurs, who helped the Tang to fight the rebellion and to drive the rebels away from the Tang capital, established their control over the northern part of the Tarim basin.
Mahmud was a despotic ruler whose power rested upon the army and a large bureaucratic apparatus and whose rule was supported by spoils from his Indian campaigns. The central administrative system in his empire was inherited from the Samanids and further developed under his own rule, so that for later Islamic writers the Ghaznavid state became a model of a well organized and highly centralized bureaucracy, with a professional salaried standing army. ” It was also Mahmud Ghaznavi who began to be styled “sultan,” although “sultan” became the official title of the Ghaznavid rulers only beginning with Mahmud’s grandson.
A -köl la Q Ili H Q S U R U Y G H 790 A Z s H U a) 5/26/2003, 1:10 PM K H Gurganj H U ra ta Ch u K Y S G A as an G Aral Sea L. Sarïqamïsh G l O un 3 Q Lake Balkhash E G S yh Se Derbend A H aysa n Qa Semender H L. Z z gu 2 80 P Ï Q R Q P E C H E N Ay a A su rïSa A 8 S o t an ba Em K E M I K iz U H G Ir g Itil A R rga y Tu H 2 – A T E N A T E Ya yïq E I R P E M Bamiyan Kabul C D E 10. FROM MID-8TH TO THE END OF THE 9TH CENTURY: THE EARLY ISLAMIC PERIOD IN THE WEST, THE QARLUQS AND UYGHURS IN THE EAST 21 © Yuri Bregel 2003 22 11.
An Historical Atlas of Central Asia (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch Der Orientalistik - Part 8: Uralic & Central Asian Studies, 9) by Yuri Bregel