An Industrious Mind: The Worlds of Sir Simonds D'Ewes by J. Sears McGee PDF

By J. Sears McGee

ISBN-10: 0804785465

ISBN-13: 9780804785464

This is the 1st biography of Sir Simonds D'Ewes, a member of England's lengthy Parliament, Puritan, historian and antiquarian who lived from 1602–1650. D'Ewes took the Puritan facet opposed to the supporters of King Charles I within the English Civil struggle, and his huge magazine of the lengthy Parliament, along with his autobiography and correspondence, provide a uniquely complete view of the lifetime of a seventeenth-century English gentleman, his critiques, strategies and prejudices in this tumultuous time.

D'Ewes left the main vast archive of non-public papers of anyone in early smooth Europe. His lifestyles and suggestion ahead of the lengthy Parliament are rigorously analyzed, in order that the brain of 1 of the Parliamentarian rivals of King Charles I's guidelines may be understood extra totally than that of the other Member of Parliament. even though conservative in social and political phrases, D'Ewes's Puritanism avoided him from becoming a member of his Royalist more youthful brother Richard throughout the civil conflict that all started in 1642. D'Ewes accumulated one of many greatest deepest libraries of books and manuscripts in England in his period and used them to pursue historic and antiquarian study. He information of nationwide and overseas occasions voraciously and conveyed his evaluations of them to his associates in lots of enormous quantities of letters. McGee's biography is the 1st thorough exploration of the lifestyles and ideas of this remarkable observer, providing clean perception into this pivotal time in ecu history.

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An orphan, Anne was the ward of her formidable grandmother, Dame Ann Barnardiston, who extracted a promise from Simonds not to have marital relations with her until she was older (a promise he kept for eight months after their wedding). In 1641 (after nine pregnancies), she contracted smallpox, and he obtained leave from the House of Commons and went to her in Suffolk. When everyone there believed that her crisis had passed and she would live, he returned to London. Her death soon after brought him near to madness in his terrible grief.

When D’Ewes sought election to the Long Parliament, he did so in the fierce conviction that the “impious bishops” had to be brought down and the Church of England restored to the doctrine it had held and the worship it had practiced during his parents’ lifetime, his own youth, and among the ancient Britons. ╯. ”35 In social and constitutional terms D’Ewes was conservative, and his conscience drove him to fight not for a new Church of England but for its restoration to the purity he believed it had enjoyed in earlier times.

This judgment was based on the opinions Simonds acquired during the 1620s and 1630s, and we will investigate the basis for them below, but note should here be taken of a central theme in his mature religious and political position. He would become an arch-Calvinist for whom the true “Church of God” was the international Calvinist movement, a movement that Luther’s successors in central Europe had betrayed. Simonds would come to interpret the Thirty Years’ War and other events at home and abroad in terms of the advance of “popery” (and its consort in his eyes, Arminianism) and the (temporary) retreat of religious truth.

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An Industrious Mind: The Worlds of Sir Simonds D'Ewes by J. Sears McGee

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