By Robert G. Olson
Imperative advisor to at least one of the main influential notion platforms of our century. Stressing the paintings of Heidegger and Sartre, it deals a cautious and aim exam of the existentialist place and values — freedom of selection, person dignity, own love, artistic attempt — and solutions to the everlasting questions of the human situation.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Existentialism
Specifically, the will must be reconceived in a way that preserves the freedom of the prior conception while overcoming its limitations. 10 32 part i: hegel’s philosophy The moral will is thus defined by the features that allow it to overcome the limitations of the conception of the will presented in abstract right. Identifying its defining features therefore requires understanding the limitations inherent in abstract right, and the features of abstract right that produce those limitations. Those features of abstract right, however, develop specifically in response to the limitations built into the features of the concept of the will presented in the Introduction.
In addition, the will must recognize the content of the action as its own, which occurs only if the action is described in accordance with the intention under which the will claims to have performed it. Hegel discusses this in morality’s second main section, Intention and Welfare. But even if the moral will finds satisfaction in an action performed on purpose and under an intentional description that it recognizes as its own, it is still finite, still not completely free. The moral will here is limited in much the same way that the choosing will was: it is able to determine itself to satisfy particular ends with particular means, but the particular ends it happens to have are still given to it: “the as yet abstract and formal freedom of subjectivity has a more determinate content only in its natural subjective existence – its needs, inclinations, passions, opinions, fancies, etc.
2 In the concept, universality, particularity, and individuality are understood as being immediately identical to each other. ”4 The interrelation of universality, particularity, and individuality is otherwise in judgment. Hegel calls judgment the particular moment of subjectivity, by which he means two things. First, in judgment universality, 30 part i: hegel’s philosophy particularity, and individuality are understood to be separate from each other. 6 The link between thinking of judgment in terms of subject and predicate, and thinking of it in terms of universality, particularity, and individuality, lies in the fact that the subject of a judgment is an individual, and the predicate is a universal.
An Introduction to Existentialism by Robert G. Olson