By Barry Buzan
An advent to Strategic experiences addresses a number of the significant questions that govern either diplomacy and human survival. This e-book presents a finished advent to the middle ideas of up to date strategic pondering. It argues that strategic reports is ready the influence of army know-how on kinfolk among states, and that its specialized contribution should always be visible in the broader context of overseas financial and political relations.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations
2 Protection The revolution in firepower was for a time accompanied by a revolution in the capability of self-protection. The knowledge of higher quality steels that made possible improvements in cannon, also made possible improvements in armour plate. In the early phases of the technological revolution armour occasionally outperformed firepower, the most famous instance being the stalemate between the warships Monitor and Merrimac during the American Civil War. But although armour still provides useful protection, in an absolute sense the victory of firepower has been complete.
The take-off in rates of technological innovation both reflected and promoted the development of high levels of social organization. Highly organized societies were able to extract much more productive energy of all sorts from their populations than had hitherto been possible. This organizational The Revolution in Military Technology 27 factor contributed as much to the power of the state possessing it as did the hardware of the technological revolution. For the foreseeable future, we are therefore locked into a process of continuous, and probably quite rapid, technological change.
The mechanism of direct physical expansion was prominent during the colonial period, and has declined in importance since 1945. It is now relevant principally in the form of the overseas bases of a few great powers. Conversely, the spread of independent centres of manufacture has been increasing in importance, especially in the period since the Second World War. The mechanism of the arms trade has been steadier than either of the other two, remaining central to the diffusion of military technology throughout the period from the late nineteenth century to the present day.
An Introduction to Strategic Studies: Military Technology and International Relations by Barry Buzan