By M. I. Finley
During this learn, the writer demanding situations the existing traditions of getting to know and writing approximately old civilizations. He questions, for instance, the designated prestige accorded to vintage texts, exposes the fake assumptions historians have made, in accordance with restricted details, and offers the failings inherent in traditional causes of the Greek city-state. Emphasizing the necessity to ask the fitting questions so as to extend our figuring out of lifestyles within the historical global, this paintings indicates how historians may well higher care for the proof that's to be had and provides replacement equipment that may be used to reconstruct background.
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Extra info for Ancient History: Evidence and Models
Through a process of reaction-formation they have changed a desired characteristic (blackness, color) into a devalued one, and in reverse, whiteness (or the lack of color), then, could be valued. They then cre- Image of Others 285 ated and have sustained a system in which the minority controls the majority (the "system of white supremacy"). This process, in Welsing's view, explains the substance of European civilization. Richard King argues that for the Caucasian (Africans who became "demelanated" [my term], as a result of their physical survival during the last glacial period in Eurasia), blackness is traumatic.
Surely they believed it their "manifest destiny" to "brave the wilds of untamed lands" and that by building their homesteads, and thereby bringing family life and "civilization" to the "wilds," they were being the most moral of beings. It is equally certain that they could not understand the intransigent hostility of the "Indians"-after all, were they not making great sacrifices to bring their inherited talent for "civilization" to these ingrates?! This image had to be assimilated into the Western European self-image.
The ideology of progress is distinctively European, because it is based on the European utamaroho, generating an effectively aggressive self-image. (See Chap. ) Underlying all of these themes of Saxonism, "freedom," and Self-Image 265 "progress" is the concept of "race," as defined in the context of white nationalism. MacDougall quotes from Charles Wentworth Dilke (b. "66 The Aryans were seen to be the parents of Western European culture. The great mission had been assigned to three superior Aryan groups: the Greeks, Romans, and Teutons.
Ancient History: Evidence and Models by M. I. Finley